Friday, February 25, 2011

Invasive potential of medfly in California and Italy

Since being detected in California in 1975, the polyphagous tropical Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata Weid. (medfly)) has been the subject of a large-scale eradication campaign in the absence of sound knowledge of its invasive potential. We use a weather-driven physiologically-based demographic system model (CASAS) embedded in a GIS based on GRASS to examine medfly's potential distribution across Arizona-California (AZ-CA), and Italy where its establishment is documented. AZ is unfavorable for medfly because of high summer temperatures, while much of CA, including many frost-free areas, is too cold during winter. Only the south near coastal region of CA is predicted to be potentially favorable for medfly, but in the absence of consistent measurable populations, we cannot say if medfly is established there. Medfly has been established in Italy for decades, and our model predicts a wide distribution in the southern and western regions of the country.

Gutierrez A.P., Ponti L., 2011. Assessing the invasive potential of the Mediterranean fruit fly in California and Italy. Biological Invasions, DOI 10.1007/s10530-011-9937-6. | Open access

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